Conference Topic – Gardens in the Sand: Early Pueblo and Spanish Landscapes in New Mexico Sustainability
The ancient Pueblo people built numerous small towns and hamlets for hundreds of years in the foothills and river valleys of New Mexico. They constructed ingenious garden and landscape features (including linked, small gardens) that utilized scarce amounts of water to produce food, medicines, clothing, and even ornamental plantings for daily use. They also organized and designed their civic landscapes for ritual purposes. Beginning in AD 1598, the Spaniards in New Mexico brought a number of Mediterranean traditions to the Southwest, including cloisters and cloister gardens, wheatfields, plazas and courtyards in the Spanish style, acequias, and estanques or tanks for ease of irrigation. Both the Pueblos and the Spaniards used hundreds of plant species in their landscapes, and their traditions continue today, sometimes side-by-side.
The Puebloan and Spanish landscape development traditions worked effectively with the Southwest’s notoriously poor soils and rotating droughts for many centuries. How was this possible? We’ll look at a number of reasons for their impressive success over time.
Baker H. Morrow, FASLA, has been a principal of Morrow Reardon Wilkinson Miller, Ltd., Landscape Architects, for the past 43 years. His office has earned over 125 design awards and citations since 1980. The Journal Center, the Citywide Prototype Median Landscapes, and the Big I in Albuquerque are among the notable projects of his firm, as well as Zuhl Library at NMSU and the renovations of Santa Fe Plaza and downtown Eunice and Artesia, New Mexico.
Mr. Morrow is the founder of the Master of Landscape Architecture Program at UNM’s School of Architecture and Planning, where he currently serves as the University’s first Professor of Practice. A third-generation New Mexican, he is the author of Best Plants for New Mexico Gardens and Landscapes and the co-editor of Canyon Gardens: The Ancient Pueblo Landscapes of the American Southwest. His most recent book is Cabeza de Vaca’s The South American Expeditions, 1540-1545, for which he was the translator.
In 2001, Mr. Morrow became the first native New Mexican to be elected a Fellow of the American Society of Landscape Architects. He was the recipient of the Stewart Udall Cultural Landscape Preservation Award from the New Mexico Heritage Preservation Alliance in 2008, and the Zia Award of the UNM Alumni Association in 2012 for distinguished professional achievement.
Web page: www.mrwnm.com
BAKER H. MORROW, FASLA
Morrow Reardon Wilkinson Miller, Ltd.
210 La Veta Drive NE
Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108
|Baker H. Morrow – Curriculum Vitae|
Principal landscape architect, president, and chief administrative officer, with emphasis on site planning, site and landscape design, planting design, historic landscape research, administration and marketing.
YEARS OF EXPERIENCE
43 years with Morrow Reardon Wilkinson Miller, Ltd., a 17-person firm; 2.5 years with other firms, and 41 years as a lecturer, associate professor, professor, and program founder and director of landscape architecture, University of New Mexico.
AWARDS & CITATIONS
- Since 1981, Mr. Morrow and the firm have won more than 125 design awards or citations for excellence in landscape (selected) architectural design, research, writing, and consultation.
- In 2008, Mr. Morrow was honored with The Stewart Udall Cultural Landscape Preservation Award by the New Mexico Heritage Preservation Alliance.
- In 2009, Mr. Morrow and the firm were presented with the Heritage Preservation Award from the State of NM. Cultural Properties Review Committee for The Santa Fe Plaza Cultural Landscape Report.
- Mr. Morrow was appointed Professor of Practice at the University of New Mexico in 2009, the first person to hold this position in the University’s history.
- Mr. Morrow’s latest book, a translation of Cabeza de Vaca’s The South American Expeditions, 1540-1545, won the Publication Award of the Spanish Ministry of Culture in 2011.
- In 2012, Mr. Morrow received the Zia Award of the UNM Alumni Association for Distinguished Professional Achievement.
- Founding Director, Master of Landscape Architecture Program, UNM School of Architecture and Planning, 1995 – 2000
- Professor of Practice in Landscape Architecture, 2009 to present.
- Associate Professor (Adj.) of Landscape Architecture, UNM School of Architecture and Planning, 1990 to 2009
- Lecturer in Landscape Architecture, UNM School of Architecture and Planning, 1975 to 1990
Baker H. Morrow has practiced for the last 45 years as a landscape architect in New Mexico and the surrounding region. He has served as project manager and principal-in-charge for than 4,000 projects, including:
- Big I (I-40/I-25 Intersection), Albuquerque, N.M.
- Santa Fe Plaza Cultural Landscape Inventory and Renovation, Santa Fe, N.M.
- La Luz de Amistad Park, Albuquerque, N.M.
- Journal Center, Albuquerque, N.M.
- Joe Harvey Blvd. Streetscape, Hobbs, N.M.
- Artesia Main Street Improvements, Artesia, N.M.
- Zuhl Library (NMSU), Las Cruces, N.M.
- City of Eunice Main Street Improvements, Eunice, N.M.
- Moriarty Main Street Improvements, Moriarty, N.M.
Morrow Reardon Wilkinson Miller, Ltd. has also developed plans for many other important projects, including:
- Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta Park
- Brandt (Siringo) Park, Santa Fe, N.M.
- Alto and Peralta Parks, Santa Fe, N.M.
- Roswell Museum Courtyard, Roswell, N.M.
- Albuquerque Sun Healthcare World Headquarters
- Albuquerque Prototype Median Landscapes (83 miles to date)
Mr. Morrow initiated the modern study of historic and cultural landscapes in New Mexico with the First Annual Report of his Registry of Historic Landscapes (RHL) for the State Historic Preservation Office in 1980, and has served as RHL Director since that time. In 2003, he founded New Mexico’s new State Historic Landscape System. Since 1982, he has been responsible for dozens of historic landscape inquiries, reports, and renovations, including, among others:
- Gran Quivira Cultural Landscape Inventory, Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
- El Malpais National Monument Cultural Landscape Inventory
- Old Santa Fe Trail Building Cultural Landscape Inventory and Report (Currently the National Parks Service Headquarters)
- Abó and Quarai Cultural Landscape Inventories, Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
- Santa Fe Plaza Cultural Landscape Survey and Report
- Old Town Las Vegas Plaza Landscape Renovation
- The Mesa Verde Symposium on Anasazi Architecture and American Design, for which Mr. Morrow served with Mr. V.B. Price as coordinator and editor of both the Proceedings and the subsequent book, Anasazi Architecture and American Design (1997)
- Chiricahua National Monument Cultural Landscape Inventory
- Painted Desert Inn Cultural Landscape Inventory
- Santa Fe Trail (segments) cultural Landscape Inventory
- El Camino Real (segments) cultural Landscape Inventory
- La Bajada Cultural Landscape Inventory
- Carlito Springs Cultural Landscape Inventory
Mr. Morrow is author and editor, with Mr. V.B. Price, of an award-winning volume on Puebloan landscape and site design, Canyon Gardens: The Ancient Pueblo Landscapes of the American Southwest (2007)
- Landscape Architect licensed in New Mexico, #2 (1985)
- Founder, State Historic Landscape System, New Mexico
- Past Chair, State Board of Landscape Architects
- Trustee, American Society of Landscape Architects
- Director, Registry of Historic Landscapes, New Mexico
- Member, Campus Planning Committee, UNM
- Member, UNM Press Board
- Member, New Mexico Architectural Foundation
- Fellow, American Society of Landscape Architects